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November Mensagenda Cover Art


Veterans Day

Photo by Dan Roberts

About the Cover
by RJ Erhardt

Arleen and Dan Roberts sent us this interesting story and photograph of their collection of military memorabilia. The 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month in 1918 was the time chosen to provide a temporary cessation of hostilities, an armistice, between the Allied forces and those of Germany, in what was then known as "The Great War" (described in an article by H. G. Wells in 1914). However, the war did not officially end until June 28, 1919, with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The people of the United States and its allies, however, chose to celebrate the end of "The War to End All Wars" on Nov. 11, the date of the ending of hostilities.

Although Armistice Day was already a legal holiday in 27 of the 48 states, it was not recognized by the U.S. Congress until 1926, with a concurrent resolution calling upon the president to issue a proclamation for federal officials to display the flag on all government buildings in recognition of the cessation of hostilities. It would not be until 1938, almost 20 years since the end of the war, that it became a federal U.S. holiday.

In 1941 as we entered what would become known as the Second World War, The Great War became known as the First World War. After the Second World War and the Korean conflict, the name Armistice Day was changed to Veterans Day in 1954, in order to honor all American veterans. In this, the United States is unique. Remembrances of The Great War by our allies have focused on their war dead, not the living veterans, unlike the United States, which honors our war dead on Memorial Day. Remember to thank a veteran for their service this Nov. 11, and also to reflect on the history of Veterans Day which had at its origin a celebration of the cessation of hostilities in The War to End All Wars.

  1. 1918 W. L. E. & Gurley Compass
  2. WW 1 Brass Shell with Trench Art engraved "Verdun France 1918"
  3. The War Pictorial magazine, January 1918
  4. Sayings & Songs for Soldiers and Sailors published by the National War Work Council of Young Men's Christian Association, 1917-1918
  5. U.S. Army Signal Corps Model 1917 field telephone
  6. WW 1 dog tags worn by John L. Bicek serial# 3129549
  7. WW 1 brass shell with trench art engraved "Argonne France 1918"
  8. Map of France carried by John L. Bicek
  9. U.S. Army Signal Corps flag kit

Email your cover submissions to me at with “Mensagenda” in the subject line. Graphics should be at least 4” wide, 300 dpi, and in jpeg format. Text should include your name, the photo caption, and description/story.



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